Cyber Crime and Steps to register complaint with cyber cell
Cyber crime in Mumbai
Q. What is cyber crime?
Computer crime, or cybercrime, is crime that involves a computer and a network. The computer may have been used in the commission of a crime, or it may be the target. Dr. Debarati Halder and Dr. K. Jaishankar (2011) define cybercrimes as: “Offences that are committed against individuals or groups of individuals with a criminal motive to intentionally harm the reputation of the victim or cause physical or mental harm, or loss, to the victim directly or indirectly, using modern telecommunication networks such as Internet (Chat rooms, emails, notice boards and groups) and mobile phones (SMS/MMS) Such crimes may threaten a nation’s security and financial health Issues surrounding these types of crimes have become high-profile, particularly those surrounding hacking, copyright infringement, child pornography, and child grooming. There are also problems of privacy when confidential information is intercepted or disclosed, lawfully or otherwise. Dr.Debarati Halder and Dr.K.Jaishankar (2011) further define cybercrime from the perspective of gender and defined ‘cybercrime against women’ as ““Crimes targeted against women with a motive to intentionally harm the victim psychologically and physically, using modern telecommunication networks such as internet and mobile phones”.
Internationally, both governmental and non-state actors engage in cybercrimes, including espionage, financial theft, and other cross-border crimes. Activity crossing international borders and involving the interests of at least one nation state is sometimes referred to as cyberwarfare. The international legal system is attempting to hold actors accountable for their actions through the International Criminal Court.
Types of Cyber Crimes
When any crime is committed over the Internet it is referred to as a cyber crime. There are many types of cyber crimes and the most common ones are explained below:
How to register complaint with cyber cell of police
To tackle the issue of cyber crimes, CIDs (Criminal Investigation Departments) of various cities opened up Cyber Crime Cells in different cities. The Information Technology Act of India states clearly that when a cybercrime has been committed, it has a global jurisdiction. And hence a complaint can be filed at any cyber cell.
Step 1 -One may need to provide name, mailing address & telephone number along with an application letter addressing the head of a cyber crime investigation cell when filing a complaint.
Step 2-One must provide certain documents in order to register a complaint. List of documents varies with the type of cyber crime.
In case of hacking the following information should be provided:
1) Server Logs
2) A copy of the defaced web page in soft copy as well as hard copy format, if victim’s website is defaced If data are compromised on the victim’s server or computer or any other network equipment, soft copy of original data and soft copy of compromised data.
3) Access control mechanism details i.e.- Who had the access to the computer or email of the victim?
4) List of suspects if the victim is having any suspicion on anyone.
5) All relevant information leading to the answers to following questions.
What is compromised?
Who might have compromised the system?
When was the system compromised?
Why might have been the system compromised)
Where is the impact of the attack-identifying the target system from the network?